Resveratrol may have anti-medulloblastoma activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Identification of metabolic pattern and bioactive form of resveratrol in human medulloblastoma cells.
Biochem Pharmacol. 2010 May 15;79(10):1516-25. Epub 2010 Jan 25. PMID: 20105429
Department of Cell Biology, Dalian Medical University, China.
Cancer preventive reagent trans-resveratrol is intracellularly biotransformed to different metabolites. However, it is still unclear whether trans-resveratrol exerts its biological effects directly or through its metabolite(s). This issue was addressed here by identifying the metabolic pattern and the bioactive form of resveratrol in a resveratrol-sensitive human medulloblastoma cell line, UW228-3. The cell lysates and condition media of UW228-3 cells with or without 100 microM resveratrol treatment were analyzed by HPLC and LC/MS which revealed (1) that resveratrol was chemically unstable and the spontaneous generation of cis-resveratrol reduced resveratrol's anti-medulloblastoma efficacy and (2) that resveratrol monosulfate was the major metabolite of the cells. To identify the bioactive form of resveratrol, a mixture-containing approximately half fraction of resveratrol monosulfate was prepared by incubating trans-resveratrol with freshly prepared rat brain lysates. Medulloblastoma cells treated by 100 microM of this mixture showed attenuated cell crisis. The overall levels of the three brain-associated sulfotransferases (SULT1A1, 1C2 and 4A1) were low in medulloblastoma cells in vivo and in vitro in comparison with that in human noncancerous and rat normal cerebella; resveratrol could more or less up-regulate the production of these enzymes in UW228-3 cells but their overall level was still lower than that in normal cerebellum tissue. Our study thus demonstrated for the first time that trans-resveratrol is the bioactive form in medulloblastoma cells in which the expression of brain-associated SULTs was down-regulated, resulting in the increased intracellular bioavailability and anti-medulloblastoma efficacy of trans-resveratrol.