Resveratrol may positively modulate insulin secretion and response in beta cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Resveratrol potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in INS-1E beta-cells and human islets through a SIRT1-dependent mechanism.
J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 25;286(8):6049-60. Epub 2010 Dec 16. PMID: 21163946
From the Departments of Cell Physiology and Metabolism and.
Resveratrol, a polyphenol compound, is known for its effects on energy homeostasis. With properties of energy sensors mediating effects of calorie restriction, sirtuins are targets of resveratrol. The mammalian sirtuin homolog SIRT1 is a protein deacetylase playing a role in glucose metabolism and islet function. Here, we investigated the effects of resveratrol and possible link with SIRT1 inβ-cells. Insulinoma INS-1E cells and human islets were cultured with resveratrol before analyzing their physiological responses. Treatment of INS-1E cells for 24 h with 25 μm resveratrol resulted in marked potentiation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. This effect was associated with elevated glycolytic flux, resulting in increased glucose oxidation, ATP generation, and mitochondrial oxygen consumption. Such changes correlated with up-regulation of key genes for β-cell function, i.e. Glut2, glucokinase, Pdx-1, Hnf-1α, and Tfam. In human islets, chronic resveratrol treatment similarly increased both the glucose secretory response and expression of the same set of genes, eventually restoring the glucose response in islets obtained from one type 2 diabetic donor. Overexpression of Sirt1 in INS-1E cells potentiated resveratrol effects on insulin secretion. Conversely, inhibition of SIRT1 achieved either by expression of an inactive mutant or by using the EX-527 inhibitor, both abolished resveratrol effects on glucose responses. Treatment of INS-1E cells with EX-527 also prevented resveratrol-induced up-regulation of Glut2, glucokinase, Pdx-1, and Tfam. Resveratrol markedly enhanced the glucose response of INS-1E cells and human islets, even after removal of the compound from the medium. These effects were mediated by and fully dependent on active SIRT1, defining a new role for SIRT1 in the regulation of insulin secretion.