Resveratrol is a potential therapeutic agent for preventing renal fibrosis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Resveratrol suppresses the myofibroblastic phenotype and fibrosis formation in kidneys via proliferation-related signalling pathways.
Br J Pharmacol. 2019 Aug 27. Epub 2019 Aug 27. PMID: 31454852
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Renal fibrosis acts as the common pathway leading to the development of end-stage renal disease. Previous studies have shown that resveratrol has anti-fibrotic activity, but its potential molecular mechanisms of action are not well understood.
EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The anti-fibrotic effects of resveratrol were assayed in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in vivo, and in fibroblasts and tubular epithelial cells (TECs) stimulated by TGF-β1 in vitro. Gene and protein expression levels were analysed by PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemical staining.
KEY RESULTS: Resveratrol inhibits the myofibroblastic phenotype and fibrosis formation in UUO kidneys by targeting fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation (FMD) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The anti-fibrotic effects of resveratrol correlated with inhibited proliferation of TECs in the interstitium and tubules, resulting in suppressed activity of the proliferation-related signalling pathways, including that of the MAPK, PI3K/Akt, Wnt/β-catenin, and JAK2/STAT3 pathways. Resveratrol treatment suppressed TGF-β1-induced FMD and the expression of the myofibroblastic phenotype in fibroblasts in vitro by antagonizing the activation of proliferation-related signalling. Similarly, TGF-β1-mediated overactivation of the proliferation-related signalling in TECs induced EMT and the myofibroblastic phenotype was suppressed by resveratrol. The anti-fibrotic and anti-proliferative effects of resveratrol were associated with the inactivation of Smad2/3 signalling, and resulted in a partial reversal of FMD and EMT and the inhibition of the myofibroblastic phenotype.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Resveratrol suppresses the myofibroblastic phenotype and fibrosis formation in vivo and in vitro via proliferation-related pathways, making it a potential therapeutic agent for preventing renal fibrosis.