Resveratrol, a red wine polyphenol, suppresses pancreatic cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Resveratrol, a red wine polyphenol, suppresses pancreatic cancer by inhibiting leukotriene A₄hydrolase.
Cancer Res. 2010 Dec 1;70(23):9755-64. Epub 2010 Oct 15. PMID: 20952510
The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, Minnesota 55912, USA.
The anticancer effects of red wine have attracted considerable attention. Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans -stilbene) is a well-known polyphenolic compound of red wine with cancer chemopreventive activity. However, the basis for this activity is unclear. We studied leukotriene A(4) hydrolase (LTA(4)H) as a relevant target in pancreatic cancer. LTA(4)H knockdown limited the formation of leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)), the enzymatic product of LTA(4)H, and suppressed anchorage-independent growth of pancreatic cancer cells. An in silico shape similarity algorithm predicted that LTA(4)H might be a potential target of resveratrol. In support of this idea, we found that resveratrol directly bound to LTA(4)H in vitro and in cells and suppressed proliferation and anchorage-independent growth of pancreatic cancer by inhibiting LTB(4) production and expression of the LTB(4) receptor 1 (BLT(1)). Notably, resveratrol exerted relatively stronger inhibitory effects than bestatin, an established inhibitor of LTA(4)H activity, and the inhibitory effects of resveratrol were reduced in cells where LTA(4)H was suppressed by shRNA-mediated knockdown. Importantly, resveratrol inhibited tumor formation in a xenograft mouse model of human pancreatic cancer by inhibiting LTA(4)H activity. Our findings identify LTA(4)H as a functionally important target for mediating the anticancer properties of resveratrol.