Resveratrol reverses morphine-induced neuroinflammation in morphine-tolerant rats by reversal HDAC1 expression.
J Formos Med Assoc. 2015 Jun 12. Epub 2015 Jun 12. PMID: 26078221
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We previously showed that subsequent intrathecal (i.t.) injection of resveratrol (30 μg) significantly reverses morphine-evoked neuroinflammation in morphine-tolerant rats. The present study examined the underlying mechanism.
METHODS: Male Wistar rats were implanted with two i.t. catheters, one of which was connected to a miniosmotic pump and used for morphine (15 μg/h) or saline infusion for 120 hours. To examine the effects on spinal cord expression of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), the inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and TNF receptor (TNFR) 1 and TNFR2 during tolerance induction, a tail-flick test was performed prior to infusionand after 24 hours, 48 hours, 72 hours, 96 hours, and 120 hours of infusion.
RESULTS: Resveratrol treatment prior to morphine challenge restored the antinociceptive effect of morphine in morphine-tolerant rats and reversed the morphine infusion-induced increase in HDAC1, TNF-α, and TNFR1 expression. Moreover, chronic morphine infusion increased TNFR1-specific expression in neuron in morphine-tolerant rat spinal cords, and this effect was almost completely inhibited by resveratrol treatment prior to morphine challenge.
CONCLUSION: Resveratrol restores the antinociceptive effect of morphine by reversing morphine infusion-induced spinal cord neuroinflammation and increase in TNFR1 expression. The reversal of the morphine-induced increase in TNFR1 expression by resveratrol is partially due to reversal of the morphine infusion-induced increase in HDAC1 expression. Resveratrol pretreatment can be used as an adjuvant in clinical pain management for patients who need long-term morphine treatment or with neuropathic pain.