A Review: The Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer, Antibacterial Properties of Four Kinds of Licorice Flavonoids Isolated from Licorice.
Curr Med Chem. 2018 Sep 30. Epub 2018 Sep 30. PMID: 30277142
Plants have always been an important source of medicines for humans, and licorice is a very significant herb in the development of humans. As a traditional herb, it is widely cultivated in China, Japan, Russia, Spain, and India. With the development of organic chemistry and biochemistry, various chemical ingredients extracted from licorice have been studied and identified. Among them, many chemical components were considered to have strong pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, antibacterial, anticancer and so on. Based on those reports, licorice has attracted the attention of many researchers in recent years, and they are devoted to discovering the active ingredients and mechanism of action of active compounds. Licorice flavonoids are one of the main extracts of licorice root and stem, and has many potential biological properties. This paper aims to summarize the four kinds of licorice flavonoids, including liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, licochalcone (including licochalcone A and licochalcone B) and glabridin, about their biological activities of anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial.