[Laser therapy for mens infertility. Part 2. Systematic review of clinical trials].
Urologiia. 2017 Dec(6):164-171. PMID: 29376616
O I Apolikhin
Male infertility is a multifactorial syndrome associated with a wide range of pathological conditions affecting both the sexual and other body systems: endocrine, nervous, blood, and immune. Laser therapy is a form of modern physiotherapy that applies low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) in various parts of the body. It is widely used in all areas of modern medicine due to its high efficiency, ease of use, the absence of contraindications and side effects. The authors reviewed the results of 171 studies investigating laser therapy, of which 93 were experimental (20 in Russian and 73 international publications), four clinical and experimental (all in Russian), 74 clinical (73 in Russian and 1 in English).Along with domestic literature, publications in Russian from Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Ukraine were also reviewed. The review suggests that laser therapy should be used as much as possible in the management of male infertility not just due to high effectiveness, but also because of the lack of alternatives. For local application, optimal laser irradiation regimens are pulsed LILI of red (635 nm) and infrared (904 nm) spectra. For intravenous laser blood irradiation, the authors recommend alternating a continuous LILI with a wavelength of 635 nm (red spectrum) and 365 nm (ultraviolet spectrum).