Saffron against components of metabolic syndrome: current status and prospective.
J Agric Food Chem. 2017 Nov 14. Epub 2017 Nov 14. PMID: 29136374
Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is mainly used as a food coloring and flavoring agent. This agricultural product is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases including asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, and, of special interest in this review, in metabolic syndrome. Saffron and its active components including crocin, crocetin and safranal are potential therapeutic candidates for attenuating MetS complications including hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia. This review summarizes the protective role of saffron and its constituents in the pathogenesis of MetS for a better understanding and hence a better management of this disease.