A review of the therapeutic potential of piceatannol in metabolic diseases. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The Therapeutic Potential of Piceatannol, a Natural Stilbene, in Metabolic Diseases: A Review.
J Med Food. 2017 May ;20(5):427-438. Epub 2017 Apr 7. PMID: 28387565
Metabolic disease comprises a set of risk factors highly associated with obesity and insulin resistance and is a consequence of central adiposity, hyperglycemia, and dyslipidemia. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of the development of metabolic disease due to ectopic fat deposition, low-grade inflammation, and systemic energy disorders caused by dysregulated adipose tissue function. Piceatannol is a naturally occurring polyphenolic stilbene found in various fruits and vegetables and has been reported to exhibit anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, recently reported beneficial effects of piceatannol on hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, and angiogenesis underscore its therapeutic potential in cardiovascular disease. However, investigation of its role in metabolic disease is still in its infancy. This review intensively summarizes in vitro and in vivo studies supporting the potential therapeutic effects of piceatannol in metabolic disease, including inhibition of adipogenesis and lipid metabolism in adipocytes, and regulation of hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and fatty acid-induced inflammation and oxidative stress.