Rhodiola rosea L. Attenuates Cigarette Smoke and Lipopolysaccharide-Induced COPD. - GreenMedInfo Summary
L. Attenuates Cigarette Smoke and Lipopolysaccharide-Induced COPD in Rats via Inflammation Inhibition and Antioxidant and Antifibrosis Pathways.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2021 ;2021:6103158. Epub 2021 Mar 2. PMID: 33747104
The root cause behind the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is cigarette smoke that induces the inflammation of the lung tissue and alveolar destruction. Long-term cigarette smoking can lead to deterioration in lung parenchymal function and cause structural changes in the lung, further resulting in pulmonary fibrosis.L., a traditional medicinal perennial herb, is well known for its numerous pharmacological benefits, including anti-inflammation, antioxidant, antifatigue, antidepressive, and antifibrotic properties. Here, we evaluated the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of theL. (RRL) macroporous resin extract on COPD caused by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cigarette smoke (CS) in rats. The RRL significantly improved the pathological structure of the lung tissue. Additionally, RRL decreased the infiltration of inflammatory cells and, subsequently, oxidative stress. Furthermore, the RNAseq assay indicated that RRL attenuated the CS and LPS-induced COPD via anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic, and antiapoptotic activities. Western blot analysis substantiated that the RRL resulted in upregulated levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 as well as downregulated levels of IB, NF-B p65,-SMA, and TGF-1. Interestingly, the RRL could protect rats from CS and LPS-induced COPD by inhibiting the ERK1/2 and Smad3 signaling pathways and apoptosis. Thus, the RRL could attenuate CS and LPS-induced COPD through inflammation inhibition and antioxidant and antifibrosis pathways.