Rice protein isolate may have anti-breast cancer activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
A rice protein isolate alters 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene-induced mammary tumor development in female rats.
J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1996 Aug;42(4):325-37. PMID: 8906633
Department of Bioscience and Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
The effects of a rice protein isolate (RPI) on 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumor progression were investigated in female Sprague-Dawley rats. At 6 weeks of age, rats were fed a casein, RPI or soybean protein isolate (SPI) diet, respectively. After 1 week, DMBA was administered orally at the dose of 30 mg/kg body weight. The mean tumor number per tumor-bearing rat at autopsy was significantly lower only in rats fed RPI than in those fed casein. Palpable tumors at the mid point of the experiment were significantly lower in rats fed RPI and SPI than in those fed casein. Serum estradiol-17 beta concentrations were lower in rats fed the SPI (but not in those fed RPI) than in those fed casein. In a further experiment, no differences were found in hepatic microsomal DMBA-arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase activity after 7 days of feeding the respective diets. These results suggest that RPI exerts its inhibitory effect on DMBA-induced mammary tumorigenesis irrespective of changes in circulating estrogens or modulation of hepatic DMBA metabolism.