Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in sickle cell disease. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in sickle cell disease.
Br J Haematol. 2018 May 16. Epub 2018 May 16. PMID: 29767851
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD), 25-OHD levels<20 ng/ml, is prevalent among patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and is linked to acute and chronic pain and bone fracture in this population. There is limited literature regarding VDD-associated risk factors for SCD. We examined potential clinical and genomic parameters associated with VDD in 335 adults with SCD in a cross-sectional study. VDD was present in 65% of adult SCD patients, and 25-OHD levels independently and positively correlated with older age (P < 0·001) and vitamin D supplementation (P < 0·001). 25-OHD levels were higher in SCD patients over 40 years of age compared to the general African-American population. Both lower 25-OHD levels and increased pain frequency were associated with increased expression of SLC6A5 encoding glycine transporter-2 (GlyT2), a protein involved in neuronal pain pathways. Lower 25-OHD levels were also associated with increased expression of CYP3A4, and with decreased expression of GC (also termed DBP) and VDR, three genes involved in vitamin D metabolism. We conclude that vitamin D supplementation should be an almost universal feature of the careof young adults with SCD, and that further research is warranted into genomic factors that regulate vitamin D metabolism in SCD.