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Abstract Title:

The Role of Coconut Oil in Treating Patients Affected by Plaque-Induced Gingivitis: A Pilot Study.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Dent. 2020 Sep 22. Epub 2020 Sep 22. PMID: 32961569

Abstract Author(s):

Francesca Ripari, Federica Filippone, Giulia Zumbo, Francesco Covello, Francesca Zara, Iole Vozza

Article Affiliation:

Francesca Ripari

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:  The aim of the study was to evaluate the coconut oil pulling efficacy as adjuvant in reducing plaque formation and in treating plaque-induced gingivitis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A sample of 20 patients was divided into two groups: a study and a control group. In the study group, coconut oil, in form of mouthwash, was administered to a sample of patients affected by gingivitis, aged between 18 and 35. The protocol established a daily application of the product for 30 days, where clinical parameters for plaque formation and gingivitis-plaque index (PI), bleeding index (BI)-will be evaluated during the recalls on a specific periodontal chart. The control group did not associate a coadjuvant to the normal daily oral health procedures and the same clinical parameters were evaluated at t0 and after 30 days (t1). The data were statistically analyzed using Student's-test, establishing the significance level as<0.05.

RESULTS:  PI and BI decreased in both groups, with a more relevant and significant drop in the study group, from a mean value of PI of 58.0 to 19.3 and a mean value of BI of 33.5 to 5.0. In the control group, the values decreased, respectively, from 53.9 to 29.1 for PI, and from 33.5 to 16.2. Furthermore,no significant side effect was reported during coconut oil pulling therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:  The collected data showed significant and promising improvements in reducing plaque formation and gingivitis. However, further researches have to be performed to have more consistent and statistically significant data on larger samples and to fully understand the mechanisms of action and effectiveness.

Study Type : Human Study

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