Rosa rugosa attenuates diabetic oxidative stress in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes.
Am J Chin Med. 2004 ;32(4):487-96. PMID: 15481639
Eun Ju Cho
The effects of Rosa rugosa on diabetic oxidative stress were investigated using rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. The diabetic rats showed less body weight gain and heavier kidney and liver weights than normal rats, while the oral administration of Rosa rugosa at a dose of 100 or 200 mg/kg body weight/day for 20 days attenuated the physiological changes induced by diabetes. In addition, administrating Rosa rugosa to diabetic rats resulted in significant and dose-dependent decreases in the serum glucose and glycosylated protein levels, implying that Rosa rugosa improves the abnormal glucose metabolism that leads to oxidative stress. Diabetic rats had higher serum levels of superoxide and nitrite/nitrate. However, the administration of Rosa rugosa dose-dependently reduced the over-production of radicals associated with diabetes, suggesting Rosa rugosa is a radical scavenger that would play a crucial role in protecting against diabetic oxidative stress. Rosa rugosa significantly and dose-dependently reduced thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance levels in serum, hepatic and renal mitochondria, implying that Rosa rugosa would alleviate the oxidative stress associated with diabetes by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. This study provides evidence that Rosa rugosa has potential as a treatment for diabetes through attenuating oxidative stress induced by the diabetic condition.