Rosemary leaves extract: Anti-snake action against Egyptian Cerastes cerastes venom. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Rosemary leaves extract: Anti-snake action against Egyptianvenom.
J Tradit Complement Med. 2018 Oct ;8(4):465-475. Epub 2018 Jan 17. PMID: 30302327
Walaa H Salama
The morbidity caused by viper bites is very dangerous and the anti-venom therapy couldn't treat the local injures such as hemorrhage, edema, necrosis and inflammation of bitten tissues. Searching for safe and effective anti-venom compounds from natural sources is very important. This study was designed to explore the neutralizing ability ofL. leaves aqueous extract (RMAE) against Egyptian(Cc) viper venom toxicity. The RMAE contained a considerable amount of phenolic and flavonoid contents with 3,300 and 800 mg/100 g dry weight, respectively. The RMAE showed a considerable variation of phenolic acids by using HPLC technique. Rosmarinic acid is the major component of the RMAE which recorded 400 mg/100 g dry weight and 64% of all the identified compounds. In vitro, the RMAE neutralized the enzymaticactivities of proteases, l-amino acid oxidases, and phospholipases Aof the Cc venom dose-dependently. In addition, the RMAE effectively neutralized the gelatinolytic, fibrinogenolytic, hemolytic and procoagulant activities of Cc venom. In vivo, the RMAE markedly reduced lethality, hemorrhage, edema, muscle and liver toxicities induced by Cc venom. In conclusion, the venom neutralizing property of the RMAE gives a new prospect for efficient treatment of the lethal viper bites.