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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Rosmarinic acid ameliorates acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury in mice via RACK1/TNF-α mediated antioxidant effect.

Abstract Source:

Pharm Biol. 2021 Dec ;59(1):1286-1293. PMID: 34517734

Abstract Author(s):

Yang Yu, Yao Wu, Hao-Zheng Yan, Zi-Ru Xia, Wen Wen, Dan-Yang Liu, Li-Hong Wan

Article Affiliation:

Yang Yu

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Rosmarinic acid (RA) dose-dependently ameliorates acetaminophen (APAP) induced hepatotoxicity in rats. However, whether RA hepatoprotective effect is by regulating RACK1 and its downstream signals is still unclear.

OBJECTIVE: This study explores the RA protective effect on APAP-induced ALI and its mechanism.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty Kunming mice 6-8 weeks old were randomly separated into six groups ( = 10) and pre-treated with normal saline, ammonium glycyrrhetate (AG) or RA (10, 20 or 40 mg/kg i.p./day) for two consecutive weeks. Then, APAP (300 mg/kg, i.g.) was administrated to induce ALI, except for the control. Serum alanine/aspartate aminotransferases (ALT and AST), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and histopathology were used to authenticate RA effect. The liver RACK1 and TNF-α were measured by western blot.

RESULTS: Compared with the APAP group, different dosages RA significantly decreased ALT (52.09 ± 7.98, 55.13 ± 10.19, 65.08 ± 27.61 U/L, < 0.05), AST (114.78 ± 19.87, 115.29 ± 31.91, 101.78 ± 21.85 U/L, < 0.05), MDA (2.37 ± 0.87, 2.13 ± 0.87, 1.86 ± 0.39 nmol/mg, < 0.01) and increased SOD (306.178 ± 90.80, 459.21 ± 58.54, 444.01 ± 78.09 U/mg, < 0.05). With increasing doses of RA, RACK1 and TNF-α expression decreased. Moreover, the RACK1 and TNF-α levels were positively correlated with MDA ( = 0.8453 and = 0.9391, < 0.01).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support RA as a hepatoprotective agent to improve APAP-induced ALI and the antioxidant effect mediated through RACK1/TNF-α pathway.

Study Type : Animal Study

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