Rutin ameliorated the schemia-reperfusion induced ovarian injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
The effect of rutin on ovarian ischemia-reperfusion injury in a rat model.
Gynecol Endocrinol. 2018 Mar 22:1-6. Epub 2018 Mar 22. PMID: 29564969
The effect of rutin on ovarian ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was investigated in this experimental study. Eighteen Wistar albino female rats were divided into three groups as follows: I/R group (IRG; n = 6), 50 mg/kg rutin + I/R group (RG; n = 6), and a healthy control group scheduled for a sham operation (SG; n = 6). 2 h of ischemia and following 2 h of reperfusion were created in the IRG and RG by using a torsion model involving atraumatic vascular clips. Rutin, a flavonoid glycoside, was injected intraperitoneally at the dose of 50 mg/kg to RG group 1 h before reperfusion. Then, rats were euthanized and their ovaries were removed for biochemical and histopathological examination and also assessment of the gene expressions. IRG group had a significant increase inmalondialdehyde (MDA) levels, in the expressions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), and also in the activity of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) unlike the significant decrease in total glutathione (tGSH) levels and the activity of COX-1 when compared to the SG group.However, rutin significantly decreased MDA levels, the expressions of TNF-α and IL-1β, and also the activity of COX-2 while it increased significantly tGSH levels and the activity of COX-1 in the RG group in comparison with the IRG group. Rutin ameliorated the I/R-induced ovarian injury in rats via its possible antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects.