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Abstract Title:

Intestinal anti-inflammatory effect of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii in DSS-induced colitis in mice: Impact on microRNAs expression and gut microbiota composition.

Abstract Source:

J Nutr Biochem. 2018 Nov ;61:129-139. Epub 2018 Sep 1. PMID: 30236870

Abstract Author(s):

Alba Rodríguez-Nogales, Francesca Algieri, José Garrido-Mesa, Teresa Vezza, M Pilar Utrilla, Natalia Chueca, Federico García, M Elena Rodríguez-Cabezas, Julio Gálvez

Article Affiliation:

Alba Rodríguez-Nogales

Abstract:

The beneficial effects exerted by probiotics in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are well known, although their exact mechanisms have not been fully elucidated, and only few studies have focused on their impact on selected miRNAs and the gut microbiota composition. Therefore, our aim was to correlate the intestinal anti-inflammatory activity of the probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii in the dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) model of mouse colitis and the changes induced in miRNA expression and gut microbiota populations. Probiotic was given orally (5×10CFU) to C57BL/6 mice for 26 days. After 2 weeks, the colitis was induced adding DSS to the drinking water. Mice were scored daily using a Disease Activity Index (DAI). After sacrifice, the colonic specimens were evaluated by determining the expression of inflammatory markers and micro-RNAs by qRT-PCR. Moreover, changes in microbiota populations were evaluated by pyrosequencing. Probiotic ameliorated the colonic damage induced by DSS, as evidenced by lower DAI values and colonic weight/length compared with untreated mice. The treatment modified the colonic expression of different inflammatory markers and the epithelial integrity proteins, and induced changes in micro-RNAs expression. Moreover, microbiota characterization showed that probiotic treatment increased bacterial diversity, thus ameliorating the dysbiosis produced by DSS-colitis. Saccharomyces boulardii exerted intestinal anti-inflammatory effects in DSS-mouse colitis, through the modulation in the immune response, involving modification of altered miRNA expression, being associated to the improvement of the inflammation-associated dysbiosis in the intestinal lumen, which could be of great interest to control the complex pathogenesis of IBD.

Study Type : Animal Study

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