Sacral electroacupuncture as a treatment for urge urinary incontinence. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Sacral electroacupuncture as a treatment for urge urinary incontinence: a prospective case series.
Acupunct Med. 2020 Dec 17:964528420968846. Epub 2020 Dec 17. PMID: 33334120
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of electroacupuncture (EA) at the 'four sacral points' on urge urinary incontinence (UUI).
METHODS: Twenty-five patients diagnosed with UUI or urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) were treated by EA at the 'four sacral points'. EA was performed in the sacrococcygeal region using disposable sterile 0.40-mm-diameter acupuncture needles that were either 100 or 125 mm in length. Treatments were delivered once every other day. Before and after treatment, a questionnaire measuring symptom severity and quality of life associated with UUI was administered.
RESULTS: The median total score (interquartile range) from the severity of symptoms and the quality of life questionnaire (Q-score) of the participants was significantly reduced from 12 (7.5, 15) before treatment to 3 (0, 6) after 6 (6, 12) EA treatments. The Q-score of urgency-predominant MUI and UUI was 8 (5, 14.5) and 12.5 (11, 15), respectively, before treatment; after treatment these were reduced to 2 (0, 7.5) and 4.5 (2, 6), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the Q-score between urgency-predominant MUI and UUI before and after treatment. Upon treatment completion, seven patients (28%) were 'cured' (improvement rate 100%). Treatments were considered 'markedly effective' (improvement rate 75% to<100%) in four patients (16%), 'effective' (improvement rate 50% to<75%) in eight patients (32%), 'minimally effective' (improvement rate 25% to<50%) in three patients (12%), and 'ineffective' (improvement rate<25%) in three patients (12%). The overall success rate (comprising 'cured', 'markedly effective' and 'effective' categories) was 76%, and no adverse effects associated with acupuncture treatment were reported.
CONCLUSION: EA at the 'four sacral points' was associated with statistically significant improvements in UUI.