Salvia officinalis mitigates uterus and liver damages induced by an estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized rats.
J Food Biochem. 2020 Oct 29:e13542. Epub 2020 Oct 29. PMID: 33124046
The present study evaluated the antioxidant activity of Salvia officinalis (sage) and its protective effect on estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized rats. Female Wistar rats were treated during either 15 or 30 days as follows: group C: negative controls, group S: positive controls treated with sage leaves, ovariectomized rats (group OVX) and ovariectomized rats receiving either sage (OVX-S) or hormonal (Group OVX-E) treatments, respectively. After 15 and 30 days of treatments, OVX rats showed a gain inbody weight and an increase of absolute and relative liver weights. Meanwhile, absolute and relative uterus weights were decreased. Moreover, ovariectomy altered plasma transaminases' activities, lipid profile, and disrupted the redox status of liver and uterine tissues. It affected also the reproductive tract by decreasing the uterus glycogen content and plasma LDH activity. Supplementation of sage via the diet reduced weight gain and oxidative stress resulting from estrogen deficiency. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: During menopause, sexual hormone deficiency, especially estrogen, causes several morphological and physiological disturbances in liver and uterus tissues. In fact, the body weight gain and disturbances of redox status in liver and uterus were the main health problems detected after menopause. Sage leaves, used as medicinal plant, exerted its beneficial effects in the management of menopause disorders. As an important source of antioxidants, sage leaves could prevent obesity and oxidative damage in the liver and uterus resulting from estrogen deficiency.