Selenium-amended biochar mitigates inorganic mercury and methylmercury accumulation in rice - GreenMedInfo Summary
Selenium-amended biochar mitigates inorganic mercury and methylmercury accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Environ Pollut. 2021 Sep 29:118259. Epub 2021 Sep 29. PMID: 34600068
Rice, as a dominant crop in China and Asia, can be a major route of methylmercury (MeHg) exposure for humans in inland China, especially in those living in mercury (Hg) polluted areas. Soil is the most prominent MeHg accumulation source for rice grains. The development of management practices to reduce MeHg in rice grains is crucial. This study explored the mitigation effect of biochar (BC) and sodium selenite-amended biochar (BC + Se) on MeHg production in paddy soil and accumulation in rice. Mercury-contaminated soil was treated with 1% and 5% of both BC and BC + Se. Soil MeHg concentration slightly increased under 1% BC/BC + Se compared to control soil but decreased at the rate of 5%. Moreover, soil phytoavailableMeHg (P-MeHg) diminished as the amount of Se-amended BC increased. BC + Se effectively mitigated MeHg accumulation in rice grains. The highest average contents of MeHg and inorganic Hg (IHg) in rice seeds were found in the control samples, followed by the 1%-BC, 5%-BC, 1%-BC + Se, and 5%-BC + Se samples. Under the 5%-BC + Se treatment, rice MeHg levels were reduced significantly (94%) compared to the control, and P-MeHg concentrations in soil were lower than all the other experimental groups throughout the rice-growing season. These results demonstrate the effectiveness of BC + Se inreducing MeHg and IHg accumulation in rice and could be employed for remediation of Hg polluted paddies.