Sesamin and sesamol attenuate HO-induced oxidative stress on human neuronal cells via the SIRT1-SIRT3-FOXO3a signaling pathway.
Nutr Neurosci. 2019 Mar 30:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 30. PMID: 30929586
BACKGROUND: An imbalance of free radicals and antioxidant defense systems in physiological processes can result in protein/DNA damage, inflammation, and cellular apoptosis leading to neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and Huntington's disease (HD). Sesamin and sesamol, compounds derived from sesame seeds and oil, have been reported to exert various pharmacological effects, especially antioxidant activity. However, their molecular mechanisms against the oxidative stress induced by exogenous hydrogen peroxide (HO) remain to be elucidated.
AIM: In this study, neuroprotective effects of sesamin and sesamol on HO-induced human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cell death and possible signaling pathways in the cells were explored.
METHODS: MTT assay and flow cytometry were conducted to determine cell viability and apoptotic profiles of neuronal cells treated with sesamin and sesamol. Carboxy-DCFDA assay was used to measure reactive oxygen species (ROS). Moreover, Western blot analysis was performed to investigate protein profiles associated with neuroprotection.
RESULTS: Pretreatment of the cells with 1 µM of sesamin and sesamol remarkably reduced the SH-SY5Y cell death induced by 400 µM HOas well as the intracellular ROS production. Moreover, the molecular mechanisms underlying neuroprotection of the compounds were associated with activating SIRT1-SIRT3-FOXO3a expression, inhibiting BAX (proapoptotic protein), and upregulating BCL-2 (anti-apoptotic protein).
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that sesamin and sesamol are compounds that potentially protect neuronal cells against oxidative stress similar to that of the resveratrol, the reference compound. These antioxidants are thus of interest for further investigation in in vivo models of neuroprotection.