Sesamol protects against radiation-induced cytotoxicity in mice. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Effect of sesamol on radiation-induced cytotoxicity in Swiss albino mice.
Mutat Res. 2006 Dec 10 ;611(1-2):9-16. Epub 2006 Oct 11. PMID: 17045515
Department of Pharmacology, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal 576104, India.
The radio-protective ability of sesamol (SM) at various doses viz., 0, 10, 25, 40, 50, 70 and 100mg/kg bw, administered intraperitoneally 30min prior to 9.5Gy whole-body gamma-irradiation was studied in Swiss albino mice. Radiation toxicity and mortality were observed during a period of 30 days and the percentage mortality was calculated. SM pretreatment with 50mg/kg bw was found to be the most effective dose in maintaining body weight and in reducing the percentage mortality, while 100mg/kg bw was found to be more effective in maintaining the spleen index and in stimulation of endogenous spleen colony-forming units. Pretreatment with SM (50mg/kg bw) in mice irradiated with 15Gy significantly reduced dead, inflammatory, mitotic and goblet cells in irradiated jejunum. SM at 50mg/kg bw also increased crypt cells, maintained villus height, and prevented mucosal erosion. Nuclear enlargement in epithelial cells was found less in SM-treated mice compared with the irradiated control. The radiation-induced decrease in endogenous antioxidant enzymes (GSH, GST, catalase) and the increase in lipid peroxidation were also reduced by pretreatment with SM [50 and 100mg/kg bw] at all monitored post-irradiation intervals. There was no protection at a dose less than 25mg/kg bw.