Sesamol Upregulates Death Receptors and Acts as a Chemosensitizer in Solid Ehrlich Carcinoma Model in Mice.
Nutr Cancer. 2021 Jan 13:1-15. Epub 2021 Jan 13. PMID: 33439054
Nesma A Abd Elrazik
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-tumor effect of sesamol (SML), a nutritional phenolic compound of sesame, in solid Ehrlich carcinoma (SEC) model in mice and its ability to enhance doxorubicin (DOX) anti-tumor activity. Moreover, we analyzed the ability of SML to protect against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.
MAIN METHODS: SML (70 mg/kg), DOX (2 mg/kg) and their combination were given to mice bearing SEC for 21 day. The mRNA level of Fas, FasL, TRAILR2, TRAIL, caspase-3 and Bcl-2 were assessed by qPCR. Tumor and cardiac tissues were examined for histopathological changes by hematoxylin and eosin. Active caspase-3 was scored by immunohistochemical analysis.
KEY FINDINGS: SML treatment significantly decreased solid tumor size and weight. In addition, SML enhanced DOX anti-tumor activity. SML treatment either alone or in combination with DOX induced upregulation of Fas/FasL and TRAILR2/TRAIL gene expression. Moreover, SML increased caspase-3 protein and gene expressions and decreased Bcl-2 gene expression.
SIGNIFICANCE: SML upregulates death receptors expression and enhances apoptosis induction in tumor cells that may explain its anti-tumor activity. Not only that, but SML also enhances DOX anti-tumor activity and attenuates its cardiotoxicity.