Shikonin ameliorated LPS-induced cell injury and elevated miR-489-3p expression. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Shikonin ameliorates injury and inflammatory response of LPS-stimulated WI-38 cells via modulating the miR-489-3p/MAP2K1 axis.
Environ Toxicol. 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5. PMID: 34089293
Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease induced by infection with different pathogens. Currently, multiple preclinical studies have revealed that shikonin, a natural naphthoquinone, can mitigate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation, but its underlying mechanism in pneumonia remains unknown. This research was designed to explore the function and regulatory mechanism of shikonin in LPS-induced cell injury and inflammation in WI-38 cells. In-vitro model of pneumonia was constructed by treating WI-38 cells with LPS. Expression of miR-489-3p and MAP2K1 was tested by RT-qPCR and (or) Western blot analysis. Cell viability was examined by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide assay. The productions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Cell apoptosis was detected by Western blot and flow cytometry analysis. In the current study, LPS induced WI-38 cell damage by inhibiting cell viability and promoting cell apoptosis and inflammation. Shikonin ameliorated LPS-induced cell injury and elevated miR-489-3p expression. LPS-induced inflammatory injury was further mitigated by upregulation of miR-489-3p. In addition, MAP2K1, the target of miR-489-3p, was upregulated by LPS. Furthermore, upregulation of MAP2K1 reversed the influence of shikonin and miR-489-3p mimics on LPS-induced cell injury and inflammation. This study revealed that shikonin protected WI-38 cells against LPS-induced cell injury and inflammatory response by regulating the miR-489-3p/MAP2K1 axis, thus affecting the progression of pneumonia.