[Clinical trial on the effects of shikonin mixture on later stage lung cancer].
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1991 Oct ;11(10):598-9, 580. PMID: 1806305
X P Guo
The shikonin mixture was used for 19 cases of later-stage lung cancer who were not the candidates for operation, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The clinical observation showed that shikonin mixture could inhibit the growth of lung cancer and improve the immune function of the body. The tumors were reduced over 25% in diameter. The effective rate was 63.3%, remission rate 36.9%, survival rate of one year 47.3%. The intermedium survival period was about 10 months, including adenocarcinoma 10 months, squamous carcinoma 12 months. After treatment the life quality of patients were greatly improved. The patients got better appetite and their body weights were increased. They could manage themselves in daily life. The Karnofsky scores were enhanced by 20. The authors also observed that shikonin mixture could relieve such symptoms as cough, bloody sputum and chest pain caused by lung cancer. The levels of cells and interleukin-2 were increased (P less than 0.001). It had no harmful effects on peripheral blood picture, heart, kidney and liver. Shikonin mixture is safe and effective for later-stage cancer.