Short-range ultraviolet irradiation with LED device effectively increases serum levels of 25(OH)D.
J Photochem Photobiol B. 2016 Nov ;164:256-263. Epub 2016 Sep 29. PMID: 27710873
Impairment of the activities of daily living (ADL) by osteoporosis is an important concern in developed countries with a super-aging population. Vitamin D, which is a crucial molecule in bone metabolism and mainly produced endogenously with ultraviolet (UV) light exposure, is known to be insufficient in the elderly population. We used an UV Light-Emitting Diode (UV-LED) instrument generating a narrow-range wavelength to analyze the efficacy of endogenous vitamin D production. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effects of UV irradiation at various narrow-range wavelengths using UV-LED on vitamin D supplementation. The second one was to clarify the short-term effects of UV irradiation on bone morphology in mice. Vitamin D-starved C57BL/6 female mice (n=7 per group) were UV-irradiated (268nm, 282nm, 290nm, 305nm, and 316nm) with 1kJ/mtwice a week for 4weeks. UV irradiation using UV-LED had significant effects on increasing serum 25(OH)D levels in all wavelength groups (P<0.001, all groups) as compared to a control group. Among irradiated groups, wavelength of 316nm had a less marked effect on 25(OH)D production compared with other wavelengths at 1week of UV irradiation (P<0.05). Levels of 1,25(OH)D were significantly increased after 4weeks irradiation with UV-B or UV-C irradiation (P<0.05). mRNA levels of vitamin D 25-hydroxylase were increased with UV-B or UV-C irradiation (268nm-305nm), significantly. Micro-CT examination revealed that short-term (4weeks) UV-irradiation did not induce morphological change of mice in any group. This study provides essential information that narrow-range UV irradiation with LED can increase the endogenous production of vitamin D, and mRNA levels of the responsible enzyme. Although bone morphology was not altered by short-term UV irradiation in this study, an increase of serum vitamin D might improve bone morphology with long-term irradiation.