Effect of Short-Term Yoga-Based-Breathing on Peri-Operative Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.
Int J Yoga. 2021 May-Aug;14(2):163-167. Epub 2021 May 10. PMID: 34188390
Aspari Mahammad Azeez
Background: Peri-operative anxiety in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery is detrimental. This study evaluated the effect of short-term yoga based-breathing with different variations on peri-operative anxiety.
Materials and Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in patients aged 20-60 years scheduled for major cardiac surgery. Patients in Yoga group were trained for yoga based-breathing with different variations for 5 days; no intervention was done in controls.
Results: We analyzed twenty patients in each group. Anxiety scores measured at baseline, presurgery, and postsurgery were entered as the within-subjects factor; group status was entered as the between-subjects factor in the RMANOVA. Baseline demographics and anxiety scores were comparable. The short-term yoga-based breathing exercise-training program had a statistically significant effect on state (= 13.45,<0.0001), Trait (= 13.29,<0.0001) and total anxiety scores (= 29.44,<0.0001) at different time points for yoga over control group.
Conclusion: Short-term yoga-based breathing for 5 days lowers presurgery and postsurgery anxiety in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.