Silybin ameliorates hepatic lipid accumulation and modulates global metabolism in an NAFLD mouse model.
Biomed Pharmacother. 2020 Mar ;123:109721. Epub 2019 Dec 20. PMID: 31865143
Silybin shows good effects against obesity and metabolic syndrome, but the systemic modulation effect of silybin has not been fully revealed. This study aims to investigate the metabolic regulation by silybin of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). C57BL/6 J mice were fed a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet for 8 weeks and treated with silybin (50 or 100 mg/kg/day) and sodium tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDCA, 50 mg/kg/day) by gavage for the last 4 weeks. Blood biochemical indexes and hepatic lipid measurement as well as Oil red O staining of the liverwere conducted to evaluate the model and the lipid-lowering effect of silybin and TUDCA. Furthermore, serum and liver samples were detected by a metabolomic platform based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Multivariate/univariate data analysis and pathway analysis were used to investigate differential metabolites and metabolic pathways. The results showed that the mouse NAFLD model was established successfully and that silybin and TUDCA significantly lowered both serum and hepatic lipid accumulation. Metabolomic analysis of serum and liver showed that a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet caused abnormal metabolism of metabolites involved in lipid metabolism, polyol metabolism, amino acid metabolism, the urea cycle and the TCA cycle. Silybin and TUDCA treatment both reversed metabolic disorders caused by HFD feeding. In conclusion, a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet caused metabolic abnormalities in the serum and liver of mice, and silybin treatment improved hepatic lipid accumulation and modulated global metabolic pathways, which provided a possible explanation of its multiple target mechanism.