Co-delivery of silybin and paclitaxel by dextran-based nanoparticles for effective anti-tumor treatment through chemotherapy sensitization and microenvironment modulation.
J Control Release. 2020 Feb 7 ;321:198-210. Epub 2020 Feb 7. PMID: 32044390
Modulation of tumor microenvironment (TME) has been indicated as an approach to improve efficacy of cancer therapy. Here, we proposed a nano co-delivery based combination therapy of paclitaxel (PTX) and silybin (SB) which can employ the synergistic effects through chemotherapy sensitization and microenvironment modulation. A dextran-based amphiphilic polymer (Dex-DOCA) was successfully developed for in vivo co-delivery and thus"synchronizing"the biodistribution, transport and release of PTX and SB. Resultantly, Dex-DOCA exhibited an excellent encapsulating efficiency for both PTX and SB with adjustable loading ratio for an optimal synergistic antitumor activity. Moreover, the co-loaded nanoparticles efficiently discharged the two drugs at the prospective dosage ratio specifically in acid endo/lysosome mimic environments. The results of in vitro cytotoxicity and cell apoptosis assays further confirmed the SB sensitized PTX potency. Finally, in vivo investigation demonstrated that the co-loaded nanoparticles could effectively accumulate in tumor sites by passive targeting, and inhibit tumor growth through an enhanced intratumoral penetration (resulted from stromal components eradication and tumor vessels normalization associated TME modulation), as well as a sensitization effect of SB on PTX cytotoxic chemotherapy.