Amelioration of Single Clove Black Garlic Aqueous Extract on Dyslipidemia and Hepatitis in Chronic Carbon Tetrachloride Intoxicated Swiss Albino Mice.
Int J Hepatol. 2018 ;2018:9383950. Epub 2018 May 2. PMID: 29854468
Single clove garlic is the product of atypical bulbing process of garlic under specific conditions. Therefore, the number of researches on single clove garlic bioactivity is limited. Recently, the hepatoprotective effect of single clove garlic has been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated amelioration of single clove black garlic aqueous extract, a processed product from single clove garlic, on dyslipidemia and hepatitis induced by chronic administration of CCl. Mice were randomly divided into four groups: control, extract control, CClintoxication, and coadministrated CCland extract group. Mice were orally given a dose of 1 ml/kg body weight of CClfor 28 days twice a week to establish chronic liver injury model. To evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of single clove black garlic, mice were cotreated with CCland single clove black garlic extract (200 mg/kg body weight) via gastric gauge for 30 days. Cotreatment with CCland extract could improve the changes of body weight, liver weight, and relative liver weight as compared to CClintoxicated mice. Single clove black garlic ameliorated dyslipidemia and the elevation of ALT and AST levels induced by chronic CClintoxication. Histological studies revealed that single clove black garlic could prevent mononuclear cells infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis.