Sinomenine attenuates cancer-induced bone pain. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Sinomenine attenuates cancer-induced bone pain via suppressing microglial JAK2/STAT3 and neuronal CAMKII/CREB cascades in rat models.
Mol Pain. 2018 Jan-Dec;14:1744806918793232. Epub 2018 Jul 20. PMID: 30027795
Cancer-induced bone pain is one of the most severe types of pathological pain, which often occurs in patients with advanced prostate, breast, and lung cancer. It is of great significance to improve the therapies of cancer-induced bone pain due to the opioids' side effects including addiction, sedation, pruritus, and vomiting. Sinomenine, a traditional Chinese medicine, showed obvious analgesic effects on a rat model of chronic inflammatory pain, but has never been proven to treat cancer-induced bone pain. In the present study, we investigated the analgesic effect of sinomenine after tumor cell implantation and specific cellular mechanisms in cancer-induced bone pain. Our results indicated that single administration of sinomenine significantly and dose-dependently alleviated mechanical allodynia in rats with cancer-induced bone pain and the effect lasted for 4 h. After tumor cell implantation, the protein levels of phosphorylated-Janus family tyrosine kinase 2 (p-JAK2), phosphorylated-signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (p-STAT3), phosphorylated-Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (p-CAMKII), and phosphorylated-cyclic adenosinemonophosphate response element-binding protein (p-CREB) were persistently up-regulated in the spinal cord horn. Chronic intraperitoneal treatment with sinomenine markedly suppressed the activation of microglia and effectively inhibited the expression of JAK2/STAT3 and CAMKII/CREB signaling pathways. We are the first to reveal that up-regulation of microglial JAK2/STAT3 pathway are involved in the development and maintenance of cancer-induced bone pain. Moreover, our investigation provides the first evidence that sinomenine alleviates cancer-induced bone pain by inhibiting microglial JAK2/STAT3 and neuronal CAMKII/CREB cascades.