Soluble fibers from psyllium improve glycemic response and body weight among diabetes type 2 patients (randomized control trial).
Nutr J. 2016 10 12 ;15(1):86. Epub 2016 Oct 12. PMID: 27733151
Ayman S Abutair
BACKGROUND: Water-soluble dietary fibers intake may help control blood glucose and body weight.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether soluble fiber supplementation from psyllium improves glycemic control indicators and body weight in type 2 diabetic patients.
METHOD: Forty type 2 diabetes patients, non-smoker, aged>35 years were stratified to different strata according to sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and fasting blood sugar level (FBS) and randomly assigned into two groups; The intervention group which consists of 20 participants was on soluble fiber (10.5 g daily), and the control group which consist of 20participants continued on their regular diet for eight weeks duration.
RESULTS: After 8 weeks of intervention, soluble fiber supplementation showed significant reduction in the intervention group in BMI (p < 0.001) when compared with the control group. Moreover, water soluble fiber supplementation proven to improve FBS (163 to 119 mg/dl), HbA1c (8.5 to 7.5 %), insulin level (27.9 to 19.7 μIU/mL), C-peptide (5.8 to 3.8 ng/ml), HOMA.IR (11.3 to 5.8) and HOMA-β % (103 to 141 %).
CONCLUSION: The reduction in glycemic response was enhanced by combining soluble fiber to the normal diet. Consumption of foods containing moderate amounts of these fibers may improve glucose metabolism and lipid profile in type 2 diabetes patients.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials PHRC/HC/28/15 .