Standardized Bacopa monnieri extract ameliorates learning and memory impairments. - GreenMedInfo Summary
StandardizedExtract Ameliorates Learning and Memory Impairments through Synaptic Protein, Neurogranin, Pro-and Mature BDNF Signaling, and HPA Axis in Prenatally Stressed Rat Offspring.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2020 Dec 4 ;9(12). Epub 2020 Dec 4. PMID: 33291595
Prenatal stress (PNS) influences offspring neurodevelopment, inducing anxiety-like behavior and memory deficits. We investigated whether pretreatment ofextract (CDRI-08/BME) ameliorates PNS-induced changes in signaling molecules, and changes in the behavior of Wistar rat offspring. Pregnant rats were randomly assigned into control (CON)/prenatal stress (PNS)/PNS and exposed to BME treatment (PNS + BME). Dams were exposed to stress by placing them in a social defeat cage, where they observed social defeat from gestational day (GD)-16-18. Pregnant rats in the PNS + BME group were given BME treatment from GD-10 to their offspring's postnatal day (PND)-23, and to their offspring from PND-15 to -30. PNS led to anxiety-like behavior; impaired memory; increased the level of corticosterone (CORT), adrenocorticotropic hormone, glucocorticoid receptor, pro-apoptotic Casepase-3, and 5-HTreceptor; decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, synaptic proteins (synaptophysin, synaptotagmin-1), 5-HTreceptor, phosphorylation of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II/neurogranin,-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (2A,2B), postsynaptic density protein 95; and conversion of pro and mature brain derived neurotropic factor in their offspring. The antioxidant property of BME possibly inhibiting the PNS-induced changes in observed molecules, anxiety-like behavior, and memory deficits. The observed results suggest that pretreatment of BME could be an effective coping strategy to prevent PNS-induced behavioral impairments in their offspring.