Abstract Title:

Effects of lovastatin therapy on susceptibility of LDL to oxidation during alpha-tocopherol supplementation.

Abstract Source:

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1999 Jun;19(6):1541-8. PMID: 10364087

Abstract Author(s):

A Palomäki, K Malminiemi, O Malminiemi, T Solakivi

Article Affiliation:

Department of Internal Medicine, Kanta-Häme Central Hospital, Hämeenlinna, Department of Internal Medicine, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.


A randomized, double-masked, crossover clinical trial was carried out to evaluate whether lovastatin therapy (60 mg daily) affects the initiation of oxidation of low density lipoprotein (LDL) in cardiac patients on alpha-tocopherol supplementation therapy (450 IU daily). Twenty-eight men with verified coronary heart disease and hypercholesterolemia received alpha-tocopherol with lovastatin or with dummy tablets in random order. The two 6-week, active-treatment periods were preceded by a washout period of at least 8 weeks. The oxidizability of LDL was determined by 2 methods ex vivo. The depletion times for LDL ubiquinol and LDL alpha-tocopherol were determined in timed samples taken during oxidation induced by 2, 2-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile). Copper-mediated oxidation of LDL isolated by rapid density-gradient ultracentrifugation was used to measure the lag time to the propagation phase of conjugated-diene formation. alpha-Tocopherol supplementation led to a 1.9-fold concentration of reduced alpha-tocopherol in LDL (P<0.0001) and to a 2.0-fold longer depletion time (P<0.0001) of alpha-tocopherol compared with determinations after the washout period. A 43% prolongation (P<0.0001) was seen in the lag time of conjugated-diene formation. Lovastatin decreased the depletion time of reduced alpha-tocopherol in metal ion-independent oxidation by 44% and shortened the lag time of conjugated-diene formation in metal ion-dependent oxidation by 7%. In conclusion, alpha-tocopherol supplementation significantly increased the antioxidative capacity of LDL when measured ex vivo, which was partially abolished by concomitant lovastatin therapy.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.