Influence of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors on mitochondrial respiration in rat liver during ischemia.
Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Aug 3 ;270(4):365-9. PMID: 7805787
Department of Pharmacology, Hokkaido College of Pharmacy, Otaru, Japan.
Effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, pravastatin and simvastatin, on mitochondrial respiration in ischemic rat liver were examined. Either vehicle, pravastatin (2 or 4 mg/kg per day), or simvastatin (1 or 2 mg/kg per day) was orally administered for 3 weeks. Liver ischemia was induced by cessation of the systemic circulation for 60 min. Liver mitochondria were isolated and the respiration was determined by polarography using glutamate and succinate as substrates. In the vehicle-treated group, ischemia drcreased ZO3, respiratory control index (RCI: QO3/QO4), and ADP/O ratio. Pretreatments with pravastatin and simvastatin enhanced the decreases in QO3 measured with either glutamate or succinate, and in ADP/O ratio measured with succinate. Because of decreasing QO4, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors did not modify the changes in RCI due to ischemia. There were no significant differences in respiratory indices between pravastatin- and simvastatin-treated groups. In conclusion, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors may enhance respiratory impairment of liver mitochondria under pathophysiological conditions, such as ischemia.