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Abstract Title:

Chocolate feeding studies: a novel approach for evaluating the plasma lipid effects of stearic acid.

Abstract Source:

Am J Clin Nutr. 1994 Dec;60(6 Suppl):1029S-1036S. PMID: 7977145

Abstract Author(s):

P M Kris-Etherton, V A Mustad

Article Affiliation:

Nutrition Department College of Health and Human Development, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802.

Abstract:

Milk chocolate does not adversely affect plasma lipids and lipoproteins despite its relatively high content of saturated fatty acids (SFAs). Evidence from well-controlled feeding studies indicates that this unique response is due to the high proportion of stearic acid in milk chocolate. In experimental diets containing very high amounts (eg, 280 g/d, or 10 oz/d) and more typical amounts (46.2 g, or 1.65 oz) of milk chocolate, plasma total- and low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol concentrations are not elevated. Furthermore, isoenergetic substitution of one milk chocolate bar per day for a high-carbohydrate snack in a National Cholesterol Education Program/American Heart Association Step 1 Diet does not adversely affect the cholesterol-lowering response. These findings indicate that stearic acid is not hypercholesterolemic as are the other long-chain SFAs. Thus, as illustrated by the different results generated from the predictive equations that group all long-chain SFAs vs those that consider stearic acid separately, grouping stearic acid with other SFAs appears to misrepresent the actual blood cholesterol response.

Study Type : Commentary
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Sayer Ji
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