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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Renoprotective effects of stevia (Bertoni), amlodipine, valsartan, and losartan in gentamycin-induced nephrotoxicity in the rat model: Biochemical, hematological and histological approaches.

Abstract Source:

Toxicol Rep. 2019 ;6:683-691. Epub 2019 Jul 11. PMID: 31372346

Abstract Author(s):

Farhana Rizwan, Saquiba Yesmine, Sultana Gulshan Banu, Ishtiak Ahmed Chowdhury, Rajibul Hasan, Tapan Kumar Chatterjee

Article Affiliation:

Farhana Rizwan

Abstract:

The current study investigated the renoprotective effects of stevia, angiotensin-II type 1 receptor (AT) blocker and calcium (Ca) channel blocker in gentamycin-induced nephrotoxicity in rat models. Six groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats of eight weeks old were taken for the experiment: sham control, nephrotoxicity, treatment with amlodipine (4 mg/kg/day); stevia (200 mg/kg/day); losartan (15 mg/kg/day) and valsartan (5 mg/kg/day), accordingly. The blood sample was taken for the assessment of renal and hepatic-functional variables like serum creatinine, blood urea, BUN and SGPT, SGOT, and total serum bilirubin. Hematological parameters were also examined. Histological examination has been done on kidneys and liver. Alterations of the body weight and the organ's weight were documented. Treatment with stevia and valsartan significantly decreased serum creatinine levels. A reduction of liver enzymes, and total serum bilirubin levels were observed in all the treatment groups. Treatment with valsartan and amlodipine, remarkably and stevia, mildly reduced the renal tissue damage, inflammation, and tubular necrosis. However, the present study demonstrated that losartan treatment aggravated kidney damage by increasing proteincast, calcification, tubular necrosis, and injury. This comparison indicated that both stevia and valsartan have beneficial renoprotective effect and valsartan offers a better treatment option in renal damage over losartan.

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