Structure and cytotoxic activity of ulvan extracted from green seaweed Ulva lactuca. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Structure and cytotoxic activity of ulvan extracted from green seaweed Ulva lactuca.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2016 Dec ;93(Pt A):695-702. Epub 2016 Sep 13. PMID: 27637450
Thi Thu Thuy Thanh
The structure of an ulvan obtained by water extraction from green seaweed Ulva lactuca was elucidated by using IR, NMR, SEC-MALL and ESIMS methods. The ulvan was also evaluated for its cytotoxic effects on three human cancer cell lines. The results showed that the ulvan was composed of rhamnose, galactose, xylose, manose, glucose (with a mole ratio of Rha: Gal: Xyl: Man: Glu equal to 1: 0.03: 0.07: 0.01: 0.06), uronic acid (21.5%) and sulfate content (18.9%) with a molecular weight of 347000. This ulvan mainly consists of disaccharide [→4)-β-d-GlcA-(1→4)-α-l-Rha3S-(1→] and other minor disaccharide β-GlcA-(1→2)-α-Xyl and β-GlcA-(→2)-α-Rha. The ulvan showed a significant cytotoxic activity against hepatocellular carcinoma (IC29.67±2.87μg/ml), human breast cancer (IC25.09±1.36μg/ml), and cervical cancer (IC36.33±3.84μg/ml).