This study demonstrated that emodin regulates the cell cycle of NSCLC cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Emodin regulates cell cycle of non-small lung cancer (NSCLC) cells through hyaluronan synthase 2 (HA2)-HA-CD44/receptor for hyaluronic acid-mediated motility (RHAMM) interaction-dependent signaling pathway.
Cancer Cell Int. 2021 Jan 6 ;21(1):19. Epub 2021 Jan 6. PMID: 33407495
BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) account for most cases of lung cancer. More effort is needed to research new drug and combination therapies for this disease. An anthraquinone derivative, emodin shows anticancer potency. We hypothesis that emodin suppresses lung cancer cells through hyaluronan (HA) synthase 2-HA-CD44/receptor for hyaluronic acid-mediated motility (RHAMM) interaction-dependent signaling pathway mediated cell cycle regulation.
METHODS: We tested the effect of emodin on viability, apoptosis, and HA secretion of 5 NSCLC cell lines. We used NSCLC cells A549 for two rounds of knockdown study: (1) knocking down either the synthases (HAS2 and HAS3) or the receptors (CD44 and RHAMM); (2) knocking down either HAS2 or HAS3. Then determined the effect of emodin on viability, HA secretion, cell cycle, and expression of cyclin proteins.
RESULTS: Emodin suppressed viability and HA secretion of all 5 NSCLC cell lines except for HA secretion of H460. Emodin had a slight apoptosis induction effect on all cell lines and was not different among cell lines. The knockdown of either the synthases or the receptors blocked emodin effects on viability while the knockdown of HAS2 block emodin effects but not HAS3. Emodin increased cells in the G1/G0 phase, and decreased cells in the S and G2/M phase by down-regulating cyclin A and B and up-regulating cyclin C, D, and E. HAS2 knockdown blocked the effects of emodin on the cell cycle.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that emodin regulates the cell cycle of NSCLC cells through the HAS2-HA-CD44/RHAMM interaction-dependent signaling pathway.