Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Arctigenin Inhibits Lung Metastasis of Colorectal Cancer by Regulating Cell Viability and Metastatic Phenotypes.

Abstract Source:

Molecules. 2016 ;21(9). Epub 2016 Aug 27. PMID: 27618887

Abstract Author(s):

Yo-Han Han, Ji-Ye Kee, Dae-Seung Kim, Jeong-Geon Mun, Mi-Young Jeong, Sang-Hyun Park, Byung-Min Choi, Sung-Joo Park, Hyun-Jung Kim, Jae-Young Um, Seung-Heon Hong

Article Affiliation:

Yo-Han Han


Arctigenin (ARC) has been shown to have an anti-cancer effect in various cell types and tissues. However, there have been no studies concerning metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we investigated the anti-metastatic properties of ARC on colorectal metastasis and present a potential candidate drug. ARC induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in CT26 cells through the intrinsic apoptotic pathway via MAPKs signaling. In several metastatic phenotypes, ARC controlled epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through increasing the expression of epithelial marker E-cadherin and decreasing the expressions of mesenchymal markers; N-cadherin, vimentin,β-catenin, and Snail. Moreover, ARC inhibited migration and invasion through reducing of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 expressions. In an experimental metastasis model, ARC significantly inhibited lung metastasis of CT26 cells. Taken together, our study demonstrates the inhibitory effects of ARC on colorectal metastasis.

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