The effect of some medications given to CKD patients on vitamin D levels.
Nefrologia. 2015 Mar-Apr;35(2):150-6. Epub 2015 Jun 23. PMID: 26300508
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency and polypharmacy is a common problem over chronic kidney disease (CKD) population.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and analytical characteristics of CKD patients with 25-OH-D3 deficiency (<15 ng/mL), including the possible role of associated drugs.
METHODS: A single center observational review of 137 incident patients referred to our outpatient clinic with different stages of CKD and 25-OH-D3<15ng/mL (male gender 53.3%, mean age 70.8 [±16.1] years, mean GFR (MDRD-4) 43.6 [±25.5] ml/min/1.73 m2). 25-OH-D3 levels were collected in spring. Clinical and biochemical data and associated medications were recorded.
RESULTS: Mean 25-OH-D3 levels were 8.23 [±4.03] ng/ml. Eighty-eight patients (64.7%) had 3 or more concomitant drugs. Only 7 patients (5.1%) were not receiving any medication. Patients were divided in three groups according the therapies into none (n=26), RAS inhibitors or allopurinol (n=81), and RAS inhibitors plus allopurinol (n=30); with the aim to study the influence of statin therapy. Patients under renin angiotensin (RAS) inhibitors or Allopurinol treatment presented significantly higher 25-OH-D3 levels (p=0.001 and p=0.01 respectively), however patients with Statins treatment had lower 25-OH-D3 level (p=0.039). Personal history of diabetes, cardiovascular events or other therapies did not modify 25-OH-D3 levels, adjusted by age and eGFR.
CONCLUSIONS: CKD patients with vitamin D deficiency who received RAS inhibitors or Allopurinol treatment had higher 25-OH-D3 levels, however those with statins treatment had lower vitamin D levels. Randomized controlled trials are required to confirm these findings.