Analgesic effect of dimethyl trisulfide in mice is mediated by TRPA1 and sst4 receptors.
Nitric Oxide. 2017 Jan 27. Epub 2017 Jan 27. PMID: 28137611
TRPA1 receptors are calcium-permeable ligand-gated channels expressed in primary sensory neurons and involved in inflammation and pain. Suggested mechanism of analgesic effect mediated by TRPA1 activation is the release of somatostatin (SOM) and its action on sst4 receptors. TRPA1 can be activated by polysulfides. In the present study analgesic effect of TRPA1 activation on primary sensory neurons by dialkyl polysulfide compound dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS) presumably leading to SOM release was investigated. Opening of TRPA1 by DMTS in CHO cells was examined by patch-clamp and fluorescent Ca(2+) detection. Ca(2+) influx upon DMTS administration in trigeminal ganglion (TRG) neurons of TRPA1 receptor wild-type (WT) and knockout (KO) mice was detected by ratiometric Ca(2+) imaging. SOM release from sensory nerves of rat tracheae was assessed by radioimmunoassay. Analgesic effect of DMTS in mild heat injury-induced mechanical hyperalgesia was examined by dynamic plantar aesthesiometry. Regulatory role of DMTS on deep body temperature (Tb) was measured by thermocouple thermometry with respirometry and by telemetric thermometry. DMTS produced TRPA1-mediated currents and elevated [Ca(2+)]i in CHO cells. Similar data were obtained in TRG neurons. DMTS released SOM from rat sensory neurons. However, SOM release was independent of TRPA1 in the rat. DMTS exerted analgesic effect mediated by TRPA1 and sst4 receptors. DMTS-evoked hypothermia and hypokinesis were attenuated in freely-moving TRPA1 KO animals. Our study has presented original evidence regarding analgesic action of DMTS which might be due to TRPA1-mediated SOM release from sensory neurons and activation of sst4 receptors. DMTS could be a novel analgesic drug candidate.