Antihypertensive Effects in Vitro and in Vivo of Novel Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Peptides from Bovine Bone Gelatin Hydrolysate.
J Agric Food Chem. 2020 Jan 22 ;68(3):759-768. Epub 2019 Dec 31. PMID: 31841328
In this study, we investigated the antihypertensive effectsandof novel angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory (ACEI) peptides purified and identified from bovine bone gelatin hydrolysate (BGH). Thirteen ACEI peptides were identified from BGH, and among which, RGL-(Hyp)-GL and RGM-(Hyp)-GF exhibited high ACE inhibition with ICvalues of 1.44 and 10.23μM. Molecular docking predicted that RGM-(Hyp)-GF and ACE residues of Glu384, His513, and Lys511 formed hydrogen-bonding interactions at distances of 2.57, 2.99, and 2.42 + 3.0 Å. RGL-(Hyp)-GL formed hydrogen bonds with Lys511 and Tyr523 and generated hydrogen-bonding interactions with His387 andGlu411 in the zinc(II) complexation motif at distances of 2.74 and 3.03 + 1.93 Å. The maximal decrements in systolic blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats induced by one-time gavage of RGL-(Hyp)-GL and RGM-(Hyp)-GF at 30 mg/kg were 31.3 and 38.6 mmHg. RGL-(Hyp)-GL had higher enzyme degradation resistance than that of RGM-(Hyp)-GFincubation in rat plasma, and they were sequentially degraded into pentapeptides and tetrapeptides within 2 h. Our results indicate that BGH can serve as a nutritional candidate to control blood pressure.