Insulinotropic and antidiabetic effects ofβ-caryophyllene with l-arginine in type 2 diabetic rats.
J Food Biochem. 2020 Apr ;44(4):e13156. Epub 2020 Jan 29. PMID: 31997410
Vivek S Kumawat
Beta-caryophyllene (BCP) is a flavoring agent, whereas l-arginine (LA) is used as a food supplement. They possess insulinotropic andβ cell regeneration activities, respectively. We assessed the antidiabetic potential of BCP, LA, and its combination in RIN-5F cell lines and diabetic rats. Ex vivo studies were carried out for glucose uptake and absorption of the combination of BCP with LA. The results indicated that the combination of BCP with LA showed a significant decrease in glucose absorption and an increase in its uptake in tissues and also an increase in insulin secretion in RIN-5F cells. The combination treatment of BCP with LA showed a significant reduction in glucose, lipid levels, and oxidative stress in pancreatic tissue when compared with the diabetic group. Furthermore, the combination of BCP with LA normalized glucose tolerance and pancreatic cell damage in diabetic rats. In conclusion, the combinational treatment showed significant potentials in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent chronic metabolic disorder affecting a large population. Beta-caryophyllene is a CBreceptor agonist shown to have insulinotropic activity. l-Arginine is a food supplement that possesses beta-cell regeneration property. The combination of BCP with LA could work as a potential therapeutic intervention, considering the individual pharmacological activities of each. We evaluated the antidiabetic activity of the combination of BCP with LA in diabetic rats using ex vivo and in vitro experimentations. Results from the study revealed that the combination of BCP with LA showed a significant (p < .001) reduction in glucose and lipid levels as compared to individual treatment. In vitro study also supports the diabetic potential of the combination of BCP with LA in the glucose-induced insulin secretion in RIN-5F cell lines. The study indicates a therapeutic approach to treat T2DM by BCP andLA combination as food and dietary supplement.