Abstract Title:

Effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza Polysaccharides on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Factor Release in RAW264.7 Cells.

Abstract Source:

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2018 Jan ;38(1):29-37. PMID: 29328882

Abstract Author(s):

Chao Han, Jinkai Yang, Pengyan Song, Xiao Wang, Wanyu Shi

Article Affiliation:

Chao Han


This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and possible underlying mechanisms of Salvia miltiorrhiza polysaccharides (SMP) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. The cytotoxicity of SMP was detected by the MTT method. The morphological change of RAW264.7 was observed by Diff-Quik staining. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to evaluate the production of cytokines in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. The nitric oxide (NO) kit assay detected the NO release from LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the transcriptions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), inducible NO synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. The protein expression of nuclear NF-κB was measured by Western blot. The results showed that the safe medication range of SMP was less than 3 mg/mL. Compared with the LPS model group, SMP (2, 1, and 0.5 mg/mL) improved the degree of cell deformation and reduced the amount of pseudopodia, and statistically reduced the secretions of cytokines in cells induced by LPS (P < 0.01) at different time points. SMP significantly inhibited the mRNA transcriptions of TNF-α, IL-6, iNOS, and COX-2 and the protein expressions of NF-κB, p-p65, and p-IκBa. In conclusion, this study preliminarily proved the protective effect of SMP on LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophage. Its mechanism might be related to inhibition of NF-κB signal pathway and the gene expressions and secretion of cytokines.

Print Options

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.