Abstract Title:

Carvacrol and Thymol Attenuate Cytotoxicity Induced by Amyloidβ25-35 via Activating Protein Kinase C and Inhibiting Oxidative Stress in PC12 Cells.

Abstract Source:

Iran Biomed J. 2020 07 ;24(4):243-50. Epub 2020 Jan 22. PMID: 32306722

Abstract Author(s):

Zahra Azizi, Mona Salimi, Amir Amanzadeh, Nahid Majelssi, Nasser Naghdi

Article Affiliation:

Zahra Azizi


Background: Our previous findings indicated that carvacrol and thymol alleviate cognitive impairments caused by Aβ in rodent models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, the neuroprotective effects of carvacrol and thymol against Aβ25-35-induced cytotoxicity were evaluated, and the potential mechanisms were determined.

Methods: PC12 cells were pretreated with Aβ25-35 for 2 h, followed by incubation with carvacrol or thymol for additional 48 h. Cell viability was measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method. A flurospectrophotometer was employed to observe the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Protein kinase C (PKC) activity was analyzed using ELISA.

Results: Our results indicated that carvacrol and thymol could significantly protect PC12 cells against Aβ25-35-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, Aβ25-35 could induce intracellular ROS production, while carvacrol and thymol could reverse this effect. Moreover, our findings showed that carvacrol and thymol elevate PKC activity similar to Bryostatin-1, as a PKC activator.

Conclusion: This study provided the evidence regarding the protective effects of carvacrol and thymol against Aβ25–35-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells. The results suggested that the neuroprotective effects of these compounds against Aβ25-35 might be through attenuating oxidative damage and increasing the activity of PKC as a memory-related protein. Thus, carvacrol and thymol were found to have therapeutic potential in preventing or modulating AD.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.