The Effects of Rhein and Honokiol on Metabolic Profiles in a Mouse Model of Acute Pancreatitis.
Med Sci Monit. 2020 Oct 23 ;26:e925727. Epub 2020 Oct 23. PMID: 33095758
BACKGROUND Acute pancreatitis (AP) is generally a self-limiting inflammatory disease, but is associated with a high mortality rate when severe. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of rhein and honokiol on AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty mice were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=6 per group): blank control, AP model, AP+rhein, AP+honokiol, and AP+rhein+honokiol. The AP model was prepared by intraperitoneal injection of cerulein and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We observed the pathological changes of the pancreas by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. A mouse amylase kit was utilized to detect the level of amylase content in serum. Gas chromatography mass spectrometer analysis was performed to detect the differences in metabolites among the blank control, AP model, and AP+rhein+honokiol groups. RESULTS The serum amylase level was significantly higher in the AP model, which suggested that the AP model was constructed successfully. The AP+rhein+honokiol group had significantly reduced interstitial edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, hemorrhage, and necrosis. In addition, the rhein and honokiol treatment influenced some of the metabolic pathways in AP, including riboflavin metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, and the pentose and glucuronate interconversions pathway. CONCLUSIONS This study showed that the combination of rhein and honokiol ameliorated pathological changes in the pancreas of mice with AP.