Sublethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos induce changes in the thermal sensitivity and tolerance of anuran tadpoles in the toad Rhinella arenarum?
Chemosphere. 2018 Dec 7 ;219:671-677. Epub 2018 Dec 7. PMID: 30557723
Lorena B Quiroga
Amphibians are considered one of the groups most susceptible to chemical contamination, therefore are good bio-indicators of aquatic pollution. Synergistic effects of temperature and pesticides have been found in amphibians determining amplified toxicity effect on survival and malformations with increasing temperatures. We studied the sensitivity of sublethal concentrations of chlorpyrifos in Rhinella arenarum tadpoles over on two fitness related thermal traits: locomotor swimming performance and thermal tolerance limits (CT = critical thermal maximum and CT = critical thermal minimum). Our result shows a decrease in the locomotor performance of R. arenarum tadpoles with increasing sublethal chlorpyrifos concentrations. The experimental temperature increased locomotor performance but this being only significant for the control whereas tadpoles raised at any sublethal chlorpyrifos concentration did not increase their total swimming distance with temperature (Concentration × Temperature interaction, P < 0.019). Chlorpyrifos toxicity decreases maximum swimming distance but this reduction not compensated at high temperatures that do enhance swimming performance in the control treatment. On the other hand, higher chlorpyrifos sensitivity in CTthan CTsince tadpoles exposed to all polluted treatments exhibits a significant decline in CTbut not in CT. Current global warming and the increase of atypical climatic events, such as heat waves may put at risk the larval chlorpyrifos polluted populations of R. arenarum. Our results show that the sublethal concentrations of the chlorpyrifos pesticide may affect the fitness and survival of the larvae of R. arenarum.