"Sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan ameliorates experimental autoimmune myocarditis in rats." - GreenMedInfo Summary
Sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan ameliorates experimental autoimmune myocarditis in rats.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Mar ;16(1):79-86. Epub 2010 Dec 30. PMID: 21193680
Division of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular and Vital Control, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.
Homing of cardiac myosin-specific CD4-positive T cells into the myocardium is the initial pathologic event of experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM). Subsequently, various bystander inflammatory cells are recruited into the myocardium crossing vascular endothelial cell walls. Sulfated polysaccharide fucoidan binds selectin nonselectively and blocks its function. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate whether in vivo fucoidan treatment can improve EAM. A 21-day infusion of physiological saline or fucoidan was administrated intraperitoneally to the rats with sham operation (sham-saline, n = 5; sham-fucoidan, n = 6) or those with cardiac myosin injection (EAM-saline, n = 10; EAM-fucoidan, n = 10). After 3 weeks, fucoidan treatment improved left ventricular ejection fraction (79.04± 2.81 vs 65.94% ± 3.22%; P<.01 vs EAM-saline) with a reduced ratio of heart weight to body weight (4.016± 0.239 vs 4.975 ± 0.252 mg/g; P<.05 vs EAM-saline) in EAM. Furthermore, fucoidan treatment decreased serum levels of BNP (292.0± 53.4 vs 507.4 ± 89.2 ng/mL; P<.05 vs EAM-saline) and the myocarditis area (31.66± 1.53 vs 42.51% ± 3.24%; P<.01 vs EAM-saline) in EAM. These beneficial effects of fucoidan were accompanied by inhibition of both macrophage and CD4-positive T-cell infiltration into the myocardium. Fucoidan, a nonselective selectin blocker, attenuates the progression of EAM. This observation may be explained, at least in part, by blocking the extravasation of inflammatory cells into the myocardium.